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Open Educational Resources (OER)


Cape Town Open Educational Declaration - The Cape Town Open Education Declaration arises from a  meeting convened by the Open Society Institute and the Shuttleworth Foundation, in Cape Town in September 2007 to accelerate efforts to promote open resources, technology and teaching practices in education. Read the Declaration.

Budapest Open Access InitiativeIn 2002, the Budapest Open Access Initiative launched a worldwide campaign for open access (OA) to all new peer-reviewed research. It didn’t invent the idea of OA. On the contrary, it deliberately drew together existing projects to explore how they might “work together to achieve broader, deeper, and faster success.” But the BOAI was the first initiative to use the term “open access” for this purpose, the first to articulate a public definition, the first to propose complementary strategies for realizing OA, the first to generalize the call for OA to all disciplines and countries, and the first to be accompanied by significant funding. Open Access : Toward an Internet of the Mind.


Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities - The 2003 Berlin Declaration asserted that scholarly research results and cultural heritage shall be freely accessible and usable for scientists and the public. A fundamental premise of the declaration is that Open Access (OA) is a responsibility of research performing organisations and research funding organisations, and that the publication and dissemination of research results are integral parts of the research process.


Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing - statements of principle were drafted during a one-day meeting held on April 11, 2003 at the headquarters of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute in Chevy Chase, Maryland.


Salvador Declaration: Commitment to Equity - the Ninth World Congress on Health Information and Libraries and Seventh Regional Congress of Information in Health Sciences (ICML9/CRICS7), gathered in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, from September 19 to 23, 2005


UNESCO Forum on the Impact of Open Courseware for Higher Education in Developing Countries