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Chicago Style

Information and examples on citing and formatting using the Chicago Manual of Style


Now in it's 17th edition, the Chicago Manual of Style is the citation style commonly associated with fields in the Humanities, such as History and Art History. Check out the resources available to help you with citing and formatting using the Chicago Manual of Style. 

Chicago-Style Digital Guides



Completely searchable and easy to use, The Chicago Manual of Style Online provides recommendations on editorial style and publishing practices for the digital age. Now offering the full contents of the 16th and 15th editions, it is the must-have reference for everyone who works with words.


Purdue OWL is a trusted writing resource for students. It offers examples and information on the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th Edition. You can find citation information, paper formatting resources, and even samples papers.

Why Cite?

Charles Lipson outlines the reasons you should cite the materials that you use:

  • To give credit to others' work and ideas, whether you agree with them or not. When you use their words, you must give them credit by using both quotation marks and citations.
  • To show readers the materials on which you base your analysis, your narrative, or your conclusions.
  • To guide readers to the materials you have used so they can examine it for themselves. Their interest might be to confirm your work, to challenge it, or simply to explore it further.1


1. Charles Lipsom, Cite Right: A Quick Guide to Citation Styles - MLA, APA, Chicago, the Sciences, Professions, and More (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2011), 3.

What is Chicago Style?

Chicago Style is a widely used style of writing that places citations at the bottom of the page or at the end of a document. There are two ways to cite your work, using:

  1. complete notes + short follow-up notes, or
  2. short notes only + bibliography2


2. Lipsom, Cite Right, 15.

Ask a Librarian

Need more help with Chicago-Style citations? Ask a Librarian.